Constanze Böttcher, Health
Can sustainable office buildings increase workers’ productivity?
Can sustainable office buildings increase workers’ productivity? Efforts to make buildings environmentally sustainable often focus on the technical side, such as energy efficiency. But there is more to sustainability than just energy efficiency.
3D printing to the rescue of gastronomy for frail seniors
3D printing to the rescue of gastronomy for frail seniors In Europe, the population is ageing . In 2010, about 17% of the population were 65 or older. This number is projected to increase to 30% of the population by 2060. New services are already available to meet their needs.
Forecasting pollen in the atmosphere
Forecasting pollen in the atmosphere Runny nose, watery eyes and cough; these are the symptoms associated with respiratory allergies. About 20% to 30% of Europeans suffer from some type of respiratory allergy , according to the European Federation of Allergy and Airway Diseases Patients Associations .
Healing bone defects using regenerative medicine
Healing bone defects using regenerative medicine Bone is one of the most frequently transplanted tissues. And the demand is rising. Transplants treat large defects like those caused by trauma, complicated fractures, tumour resection or osteoporosis. ...
Heike Walles – A diverse toolbox for regenerating bones
Heike Walles – A diverse toolbox for regenerating bones Bone grafts are among the most sought after tissue transplants in clinical practice. And this demand is expected to rise due to an ageing population.
Towards new cancer therapies
Towards new cancer therapies In 2012, about 8.2 million people died of cancer making the disease a major cause of death worldwide. According to the WHO World Cancer Report 2014 , this figure is expected to rise within the next two decades.
Michael Boutros: Advancing the search for new cancer drugs
Michael Boutros: Advancing the search for new cancer drugs Targeted therapies have revolutionised the treatment of cancer since they were first introduced. Amongst the first medications approved in Europe, was the breast cancer drug Herceptin , which was approved in 2000.
Mapping proteins in space and time within cells
Mapping proteins in space and time within cells The human genome and those of several other organisms have been mapped. But it is proteins that perform the majority of biological functions within every organism .
Ruedi Aebersold – Unravelling the structure and dynamics of large protein complexes
Ruedi Aebersold – Unravelling the structure and dynamics of large protein complexes More than ten years ago, scientists completely mapped the human genome. Now, the attention has turned to enumerating the entire human protein set. Proteins are of interest because they carry out most chemical activities in a cell.
The art of enrolling preterm babies in clinical trials
The art of enrolling preterm babies in clinical trials Around the world more and more babies are born preterm, according to a WHO report from 2012. Despite medical advances, very small preterm infants may suffer from various complications and diseases, or even die .
Christian Poets - Treating lung disease in infants
Christian Poets - Treating lung disease in infants The intensive care of neonates has advanced considerably in the last decades. But very early preterm infants are still at risk of dying. Artificial ventilation or additional oxygen is often needed to support the lungs of the premature babies.
European hospitals compare notes on pain management to improve care
European hospitals compare notes on pain management to improve care Millions of people undergo surgery each year. Many of them suffer from moderate to severe pain afterwards. This post-operative pain may impede recovery or even lead on into chronic pain .
Winfried Meissner – When big data helps cope with post-operative pain
Winfried Meissner – When big data helps cope with post-operative pain Modern information technologies allow medical researchers to draw on a huge pool of patient data. These are routinely assessed in hospital settings or through health care systems.
Brain model pins down motor decisions
Brain model pins down motor decisions Talking or reading. Texting a message or listening. The dilemma of choosing between various tasks is not an invention of the modern information age. Humans and all vertebrates have to prioritise their actions.
Sten Grillner – Motor behaviour and its neurobiological control
Sten Grillner – Motor behaviour and its neurobiological control Understanding the neurobiology of decision-making is a scientific challenge. The EU-funded project Select-and-Act , completed in 2012, used experimental and modelling approaches to better understand how the brain selects different patterns of motor behaviour.
Sabine Bahn: biomarkers to diagnose severe psychotic disorders
Sabine Bahn: biomarkers to diagnose severe psychotic disorders Sabine Bahn is a neurobiologist, psychiatrist and director of the Cambridge Centre for Neuropsychiatric Research at the University of Cambridge, UK.
Schizophrenia enters the molecular diagnostics era
Schizophrenia enters the molecular diagnostics era With a drop of blood and some laboratory analyses, doctors have been able to tell patients whether they suffer from diabetes or some sort of cancer.
Junk-free pizza, engineered to please taste buds
Junk-free pizza, engineered to please taste buds Many diseases occurring in industrial countries, such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes, stroke or certain cancers are linked to malnutrition. The trouble is that one in two people in Europe is overweight or obese .
No biomarkers identified to assess potential health effects of GMOs
No biomarkers identified to assess potential health effects of GMOs Many people in Europe are critical of genetically modified (GM) food, due to safety concerns. A Eurobarometer survey, published in 2010, revealed that the European public tends to be worried on a “mediate level” about GM food , with people in Austria being particularly concerned.
Nanosilver in textiles – friend or foe?
Nanosilver in textiles – friend or foe? Silver has been used as biocide for medical purposes since the 1930s. Today nanometric size silver particles are used to prevent unpleasant odour caused by bacteria in sport shirts or socks .