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Water, Climate Change
Preventing a Fukushima disaster in Europe
Preventing a Fukushima disaster in Europe In 2005, Europe was exposed to a potential risk of a nuclear disaster caused by the flooding of the Loviisa nuclear power plant in Finland . Sea levels rose by 1.73 meter above normal levels, due to a storm.
Wolfgang-Albert Flügel:  Scrutinising rivers upstream
Wolfgang-Albert Flügel: Scrutinising rivers upstream Climate change influences water cycles. Particularly, it has an effect on the natural and socio-economic processes of river basins. Major rivers of the world have their origin in alpine-style mountains.
Is desertification on the increase?
Is desertification on the increase? News of increased desertification has made headlines. Yet this process is not well understood.
Christoph Heinze: peering through the global carbon cycle
Christoph Heinze: peering through the global carbon cycle Currently, the ocean takes up about 25% of the carbon dioxide emitted by human activities. But this uptake rate is governed by a number of factors, including global warming, which are not yet entirely understood.
On the global water trail
On the global water trail Water is one of humanity’s most pressing issues. Do we have enough of it for drinking, for farming or for industry? Too much, in the shape of flooding? Or too little, in the form of drought? The WATCH project, funded by the EU, was designed to give us better answers to questions of water management .
Marco Borga: Flash floods predictions, subject to models’ limitations
Marco Borga: Flash floods predictions, subject to models’ limitations Flash floods are very localised weather events. They are mostly triggered by heavy rainfall. Typically, over a period of less than 12 hours. They occur very infrequently at any one place.
Saving the blue waters pouring into the Black Sea
Saving the blue waters pouring into the Black Sea The Black Sea is known for its severe environmental degradation. Some signs of recovery have been observed in the last years, albeit on a small scale . Scientists believe that it is still possible to limit the negative environmental impact.
Climate proof sea defences with a green twist
Climate proof sea defences with a green twist Coastal areas offer great challenges when balancing the need to protect natural habitats, with the requirement of human and economic activities . Dikes, for example, may not constitute the solutions of the future.
Tim O’Higgins: a new way forward for Europe’s regional seas
Tim O’Higgins: a new way forward for Europe’s regional seas Tim O’Higgins is a marine biologist in Scotland who has focused on those vital ecostystem services provided by estuarine and coastal waters.
Micha Werner: Drought vigilance
Micha Werner: Drought vigilance Many African regions are prone to droughts. Advances in forecasting and early warning for these phenomena are now becoming available to help mitigate their consequences on vulnerable societies.
Indian drought risk, as Himalayan glaciers retreat
Indian drought risk, as Himalayan glaciers retreat But by the time it began in May 2009, the original extreme urgency of the HighNoon project had ‘melted’ so to speak.
Under the weather, literally
Under the weather, literally We can blame all sorts of things on the weather. But a stomach bug?  It seems unlikely. Yet, scientists say greater quantities of rainfall and bigger storms will lead to more stomach upsets in parts of Europe.
Flood water in silico
Flood water in silico Not all countries are equal in the face of floods. To provide support for the variety of scenarios encountered, the RAMWASS research project developed a tool for gauging and managing the dangers of floods in specific river zones.
Sacha Schlobinski: cities harmony protected from climate change
Sacha Schlobinski: cities harmony protected from climate change Sacha Schlobinski looks to the future when working at his day job as CEO of Cismet. This software company, based in Saarbrücken, Germany, takes the lead role in the information communication technology part of SUDPLAN .