France, Environment
Climate change threatens some of the world’s best wines
Climate change threatens some of the world’s best wines Millions of people across Europe have enjoyed soaring temperatures in the summer of 2017 , with sizzling barbeques, good food, and fine wine.
Cities: surviving floods and significant whims of the weather
Cities: surviving floods and significant whims of the weather Part of the solution to counter the devastating effects of floods on human communities could be long-term climate forecasting, backed by assessments on the vulnerability of towns and cities As centres of innovation and growth, European cities are home to around 75% of the continent’s population and use about 80% of the energy it produces.
Bracing for summer thunderstorms
Bracing for summer thunderstorms With summertime and heat waves approaching, thunderstorms are becoming more frequent again. Recently several regions in Europe were hit by devastating thunderstorms along with strong winds, lightning strikes, hail and flash floods.
Preventing “oceans of plastic soup”
Preventing “oceans of plastic soup” Approximately 8 million metric tons of plastic waste washes off land into the ocean each year. Bottle caps, toothbrushes, tiny plastic fragments, filaments, pellets, film and resin float about in the water columns.
That’s a bioplastic wrap
That’s a bioplastic wrap Producing food in a sustainable way is one thing. Making sure that it is wrapped in a sustainable packaging is another issue that also needs to be addressed.
Early warning system for fish farmers
Early warning system for fish farmers The marine aquaculture sector has grown continuously over the past years, according to the FAO’s world review of fisheries and aquaculture.
Greater granularity on anthropogenic emission
Greater granularity on anthropogenic emission Anthropogenic emissions have, until now, been collected, but not harmonised . These consist, for example, of data of nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions, smog, methane, CO 2 and even pollen and dust produced, among others by heavy industry and power plants.
Forecasting desert storms to empower solar panels
Forecasting desert storms to empower solar panels To prevent energy loss and improve the management of solar power plants scientists of the European research project MACC II in France are now developing a 5-day forecast to predict the movements of desert dust and thus will be able to inform power plant managers beforehand.
A pest management toolbox to reduce pesticide use
A pest management toolbox to reduce pesticide use Reducing the level of pesticide use in agriculture is a priority in Europe . A 2009 EU Directive states that the use of pesticide must be compatible with sustainable development.
When air quality governs traffic management
When air quality governs traffic management Poor air quality costs Europe more than €700 million per year, in health expenditures and loss of economic performance, according to official EU sources.
Frédéric Chevallier and Olivier Boucher - Greenhouse gases and aerosols forecasters
Frédéric Chevallier and Olivier Boucher - Greenhouse gases and aerosols forecasters Greenhouse gases and aerosols have an undisputed impact on climate. Long-lived greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and methane have a well-understood warming effect.
Grass as the new biofuel
Grass as the new biofuel Grass could be used to produce biofuels. The advantage of using grass crops is that they can be grown in marginal lands that would otherwise not be used .
Air quality models: new health prevention tools
Air quality models: new health prevention tools We are all exposed to polluted air. Among main air pollutants are nitrogen oxides —the so-called ‘NOx ‘— and ozone , which cause irritation of respiratory tract and eyes, favouring cough, lung infections in children and asthma.
Laurence Rouïl - policymakers now trust air quality models
Laurence Rouïl - policymakers now trust air quality models Air quality is a public health issue. As recently as last October, the World Health Organisation classified global outdoor air pollution as ‘ carcinogenic to humans .
Juggling with multiple risks
Juggling with multiple risks Multiple disasters can have a cumulative impact leading to great human and financial loss. The awareness of all possible risks is of fundamental importance.
Screening eco-innovation level
Screening eco-innovation level Going green is one of the fastest growing trends, particularly in industry. But smaller size companies are often left wondering how best to become more environmentally friendly .
Could gamification enhance biodiversity decision making tools?
Could gamification enhance biodiversity decision making tools? Making decision that may affect the environment is not that simple. For example, if a EU policy maker believes that biofuels can reduce CO 2 emissions.
Sorting plastic waste: a magnetic game
Sorting plastic waste: a magnetic game More than one third of the total plastic production in Europe—about 14 million tonnes per year—are polyolefins, also known as polyalkenes.
User awareness key to effective energy monitoring
User awareness key to effective energy monitoring Energy efficiency has become a key objective in the current context of increasing energy demand, decreasing resources and global warming. Key to efficient energy savings, however, are users' awareness and behaviour.
Daniel Ribera: turning food-soiled packaging into safe compost
Daniel Ribera: turning food-soiled packaging into safe compost Designing environment-friendly compostable food packaging is the challenge that Daniel Ribera, the coordinator of the EC-funded Ecopack , tells youris.com about.
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