Health
Michael Boutros: Advancing the search for new cancer drugs
Michael Boutros: Advancing the search for new cancer drugs Targeted therapies have revolutionised the treatment of cancer since they were first introduced. Amongst the first medications approved in Europe, was the breast cancer drug Herceptin , which was approved in 2000.
Antonio Marques – Improving seafood safety
Antonio Marques – Improving seafood safety Seafood sometimes poses health risks to consumers. Unfortunately, these are not very well defined. What is more, the risks associated with non-regulated contaminants, responsible for such health hazards, are not all well understood.
Fighting resistance to antimalarial drug
Fighting resistance to antimalarial drug When it comes to the emergence of antimalarial drug resistance, it’s not a question of ‘if’ but ‘when’.
Gordon Langsley – Focus on biological signalling to defeat malaria
Gordon Langsley – Focus on biological signalling to defeat malaria Millions of people die each year of malaria – a disease transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito. There are major barriers in vaccine development as well as increased resistance to currently available therapies.
Back Pain: New Tools for Prevention
Back Pain: New Tools for Prevention European researchers and clinicians are working hand in hand to unveil the mechanisms leading to back pain, likely the most widespread chronic pathology among humans .
Physical work, not the main cause of intervertebral disc degeneration
Physical work, not the main cause of intervertebral disc degeneration Even if you do not suffer from pain in the intervertebral discs in your lower back, it is a sure bet that you know someone who does. Yet, surprisingly little is known about what causes this disc degeneration .
Jill Urban – Genetic factors play a role in lower back pain
Jill Urban – Genetic factors play a role in lower back pain Lower back pain is a broad yet subtle subject. It has widely been associated with early degeneration of the discs of the human spine.
Proteins: The Key for all Diseases?
Proteins: The Key for all Diseases? The impact if this challenge could be huge, as this set of data could l ead to new therapies and diagnosing tools for virtually all diseases , including diabetes or cancer.  Proteins are everywhere.
Mapping proteins in space and time within cells
Mapping proteins in space and time within cells The human genome and those of several other organisms have been mapped. But it is proteins that perform the majority of biological functions within every organism .
Ruedi Aebersold – Unravelling the structure and dynamics of large protein complexes
Ruedi Aebersold – Unravelling the structure and dynamics of large protein complexes More than ten years ago, scientists completely mapped the human genome. Now, the attention has turned to enumerating the entire human protein set. Proteins are of interest because they carry out most chemical activities in a cell.
Putting the sunshine vitamin in the spotlight
Putting the sunshine vitamin in the spotlight We all get vitamin D in two ways – from our diet and from exposure to the sun.  A lack of this vitamin puts young children at risk of bone diseases like rickets and older children and adults at risk of bone softening .
New laser to watch DNA-proteins interactions
New laser to watch DNA-proteins interactions Within the framework of the European ATLAS project, a team of researchers in Naples has created a LASER-based prototype that could revolutionize medicine and our knowledge of the human genome .
Peering down protein-DNA interactions to better understand how genes work
Peering down protein-DNA interactions to better understand how genes work Almost every one of our cells has an entire copy of our genome. But only differing subsets of genes are active and expressed in any given cell. Epigenetics is the study of how the activity of our genes is controlled and regulated .
Lucia Altucci – Cancer research could benefit from ultra-fast lasers technology
Lucia Altucci – Cancer research could benefit from ultra-fast lasers technology Cancer research could soon benefit from a new technology allowing investigation of how the DNA interacts with the proteins. Recent advances in tackling the disease stem from a change in our view of the genome —all the genes contained in our DNA.
The art of enrolling preterm babies in clinical trials
The art of enrolling preterm babies in clinical trials Around the world more and more babies are born preterm, according to a WHO report from 2012. Despite medical advances, very small preterm infants may suffer from various complications and diseases, or even die .
Christian Poets - Treating lung disease in infants
Christian Poets - Treating lung disease in infants The intensive care of neonates has advanced considerably in the last decades. But very early preterm infants are still at risk of dying. Artificial ventilation or additional oxygen is often needed to support the lungs of the premature babies.
On the track of the deadly parasite Leishmania
On the track of the deadly parasite Leishmania Leishmaniasis is one of the most underreported and insufficiently monitored diseases in the world affecting mainly the poorest and most disadvantaged people on the Indian Subcontinent, Latin America and East Africa.
Parasite surveillance to support policy against drug resistance
Parasite surveillance to support policy against drug resistance Leishmaniasis is a tropical disease known in Europe because it affects dogs. It is caused by the Leishmania parasite carried by sandflies . However, several types of the parasite also affect humans in several regions in the world.
Jean-Claude Dujardin – Overcoming Leishmania’s drug-resistant Trojan horse effect
Jean-Claude Dujardin – Overcoming Leishmania’s drug-resistant Trojan horse effect Visceral leishmaniasis, or Kala-Azar, is a tropical disease caused by several types of Leishmania parasites transmitted by sandflies.
Anne Raben – Diet and exercise combinations to counter type-2 diabetes
Anne Raben – Diet and exercise combinations to counter type-2 diabetes Type-2 diabetes, which has dramatically spread in the last decade, is most often associated with being overweight and suffering from obesity.
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