Health
Lucia Altucci – Cancer research could benefit from ultra-fast lasers technology
Lucia Altucci – Cancer research could benefit from ultra-fast lasers technology Cancer research could soon benefit from a new technology allowing investigation of how the DNA interacts with the proteins. Recent advances in tackling the disease stem from a change in our view of the genome —all the genes contained in our DNA.
The art of enrolling preterm babies in clinical trials
The art of enrolling preterm babies in clinical trials Around the world more and more babies are born preterm, according to a WHO report from 2012. Despite medical advances, very small preterm infants may suffer from various complications and diseases, or even die .
Christian Poets - Treating lung disease in infants
Christian Poets - Treating lung disease in infants The intensive care of neonates has advanced considerably in the last decades. But very early preterm infants are still at risk of dying. Artificial ventilation or additional oxygen is often needed to support the lungs of the premature babies.
On the track of the deadly parasite Leishmania
On the track of the deadly parasite Leishmania Leishmaniasis is one of the most underreported and insufficiently monitored diseases in the world affecting mainly the poorest and most disadvantaged people on the Indian Subcontinent, Latin America and East Africa.
Parasite surveillance to support policy against drug resistance
Parasite surveillance to support policy against drug resistance Leishmaniasis is a tropical disease known in Europe because it affects dogs. It is caused by the Leishmania parasite carried by sandflies . However, several types of the parasite also affect humans in several regions in the world.
Jean-Claude Dujardin – Overcoming Leishmania’s drug-resistant Trojan horse effect
Jean-Claude Dujardin – Overcoming Leishmania’s drug-resistant Trojan horse effect Visceral leishmaniasis, or Kala-Azar, is a tropical disease caused by several types of Leishmania parasites transmitted by sandflies.
Anne Raben – Diet and exercise combinations to counter type-2 diabetes
Anne Raben – Diet and exercise combinations to counter type-2 diabetes Type-2 diabetes, which has dramatically spread in the last decade, is most often associated with being overweight and suffering from obesity.
Antibiotic resistance: prevention, more needed than ever
Antibiotic resistance: prevention, more needed than ever The World Health Organisation, WHO, recently published its first Global Report on Antimicrobial Resistance . This publication demonstrates that resistance against antibiotics is a serious threat to global public health.
European hospitals compare notes on pain management to improve care
European hospitals compare notes on pain management to improve care Millions of people undergo surgery each year. Many of them suffer from moderate to severe pain afterwards. This post-operative pain may impede recovery or even lead on into chronic pain .
Winfried Meissner – When big data helps cope with post-operative pain
Winfried Meissner – When big data helps cope with post-operative pain Modern information technologies allow medical researchers to draw on a huge pool of patient data. These are routinely assessed in hospital settings or through health care systems.
Mum’s diet mirrors child’s food allergies
Mum’s diet mirrors child’s food allergies About 20 million Europeans are subject to food allergies. Now scientists are looking at these allergies in new ways. It involves the food industry in its work and pays special attention to the link between early diets and allergy in later life .
Common links between neurodegenerative diseases identified
Common links between neurodegenerative diseases identified Diseases of the central nervous system are a big burden to society . According to estimates, they cost €800 billion per year in Europe. And for most of them, there is no definitive cure.
Monica Di Luca – Parkinson’s treatment revisited to avoid adverse effects
Monica Di Luca – Parkinson’s treatment revisited to avoid adverse effects According to estimates, more than 1.2 million people in Europe are affected by Parkinson’s disease. Health costs for the disease amount to €11 billion euros per year.
New therapy against rare gene defects
New therapy against rare gene defects European scientists set up new therapeutic approaches to tackle specific Lysosomal Storage Disorders: a new drug combination and enzyme replacement therapy against Pompe disease and gene therapy against MPS V I (Mucopolysaccharidosis VI).
Two approaches to treat Lysosomal Storage Diseases
Two approaches to treat Lysosomal Storage Diseases Lysosomes are membrane-bound organelles found in most animal cells. They are responsible for treating cellular waste. Genetic mutations in lysosomal enzymes lead to lysosome malfunction and waste accumulation.
Generoso Andria – Enzyme and gene therapy for treating genetic disorders
Generoso Andria – Enzyme and gene therapy for treating genetic disorders Lysosomes are intracellular organelles that degrade and recycle ‘waste’ molecules. Lysosomal Storage Disorders (LSDs) comprise a large group of congenital metabolic diseases affecting altogether one in 8,000 newborns.
The fight against hepatitis C in Egypt
The fight against hepatitis C in Egypt There is a hepatitis C epidemic in Egypt. Ironically, this is in large part due to a public health campaign in the 1960s and 1970s, during which injection needles were being re-used.
Unraveling The Human Brain
Unraveling The Human Brain One of the biggest challenges today is to understand the human brain and we never have been closer to realize it. More than 130 institutes are taking part in  one of Europe´s largest research projects , funded with 1.
Brain model pins down motor decisions
Brain model pins down motor decisions Talking or reading. Texting a message or listening. The dilemma of choosing between various tasks is not an invention of the modern information age. Humans and all vertebrates have to prioritise their actions.
Sten Grillner – Motor behaviour and its neurobiological control
Sten Grillner – Motor behaviour and its neurobiological control Understanding the neurobiology of decision-making is a scientific challenge. The EU-funded project Select-and-Act , completed in 2012, used experimental and modelling approaches to better understand how the brain selects different patterns of motor behaviour.
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