Italy
Reducing pesticides and boosting harvests
Reducing pesticides and boosting harvests Scientists in Northern Italy are experimenting with unusual and totally eco-friendly sound and odor devices to fight off insects from their cultivated fields .
Free ecosystem services for better crops
Free ecosystem services for better crops Ecosystem services are free, but often hidden. They include pollination and killing of crop pests by beneficial insects. Now, QuESSA , an EU-funded research project, due to be completed in 2017, will try and increase the visibility of such services.
Microbes clean up the oceans
Microbes clean up the oceans Human civilization is responsible for large traces of non-organic materials in the oceans, namely crude oil and plastics. Two European research projects are now investigating how microbes can help to eliminate these substances in the sea .
Ridding the sea and land from toxic plastics fragments
Ridding the sea and land from toxic plastics fragments Plastic products made of PVC, Polystyrene and other prominent plastics are flooding the market. They are a growing threat to the environment, as they are found in the sea or dumped in land fills .
Twins help progress and diagnosis of rare Myasthenia
Twins help progress and diagnosis of rare Myasthenia Fourteen pairs of identical twins joined the EU funded medical project “ Fight-MG ”, to fight Myasthenia Gravis . This rare autoimmune disease leads to abnormal fatigability of various skeletal muscles.
Sonia Aknin-Berrih: How rare models suggest new treatment strategies
Sonia Aknin-Berrih: How rare models suggest new treatment strategies Myasthenia Gravis (MG) is a rare auto-immune disease—whereby patients’ immune systems attack their own bodies— arising from a breakdown in communications between the nervous and muscular systems.
Network of experts join forces to fight rare disease
Network of experts join forces to fight rare disease Collaboration between research groups is key in tackling rare diseases such as auto-immune disease Myasthenia Gravis (MG). Indeed, the rarity of the disease means that it can be difficult to collect enough samples of blood and tissues to perform quality research.
Designing ultra-sensitive biosensors for early personalised diagnostics
Designing ultra-sensitive biosensors for early personalised diagnostics Personalised medicine is one of the new developments that is deemed to revolutionise health care. A key component is the detection of biomarkers, proteins in blood or saliva, for example, whose presence or abnormal concentration is caused by a disease.
Pietro Gucciardi – Working towards a single-molecule biosensor
Pietro Gucciardi – Working towards a single-molecule biosensor Until now, few biosensors have had the required sensitivity to detect single molecules. A novel approach for improved biosensor sensitivity has opened new avenues for developing new kinds of biosensors.
Renewed hope for gene therapy in rare disease
Renewed hope for gene therapy in rare disease Between 30 and 40 million people in Europe suffer from rare diseases —many of them children. As most of these diseases have genetic origins, gene therapy is a major hope for their future cure .
Picking the right virus candidate for gene therapy
Picking the right virus candidate for gene therapy Viruses often get bad press. Likened to Trojan horses they are often associated with disease. But, i t is precisely because of their infectious nature that they can potentially be used as gene vectors - which are vehicles loaded with good copies of malfunctioning genes - and delivered to cells.
Antonio Camurri - Better understanding non-verbal communication
Antonio Camurri - Better understanding non-verbal communication How do you express the bliss felt in a concert? Why is the execution of a piece of music better than another? Is an ensemble of musicians engaging an audience? Antonio Camurri , professor of human ...
Gloria Piaggio – Genoa, a Smart City
Gloria Piaggio – Genoa, a Smart City Cities substantially contribute to European air pollution as they are the source of about 36% of the total CO 2 emissions. Modern cities therefore raise sustainability concerns.
Greening our cities
Greening our cities Imagine a city could halve its energy consumption, costs and greenhouse gas emissions. This would get closer to levels that would ensure sustainability of resources.
User-led sustainable buildings
User-led sustainable buildings Those who live in low-energy buildings are not experts. But energy professionals have been aware of the importance of meeting their needs, right from conception stage.
New laser to watch DNA-proteins interactions
New laser to watch DNA-proteins interactions Within the framework of the European ATLAS project, a team of researchers in Naples has created a LASER-based prototype that could revolutionize medicine and our knowledge of the human genome .
Peering down protein-DNA interactions to better understand how genes work
Peering down protein-DNA interactions to better understand how genes work Almost every one of our cells has an entire copy of our genome. But only differing subsets of genes are active and expressed in any given cell. Epigenetics is the study of how the activity of our genes is controlled and regulated .
Lucia Altucci – Cancer research could benefit from ultra-fast lasers technology
Lucia Altucci – Cancer research could benefit from ultra-fast lasers technology Cancer research could soon benefit from a new technology allowing investigation of how the DNA interacts with the proteins. Recent advances in tackling the disease stem from a change in our view of the genome —all the genes contained in our DNA.
Common links between neurodegenerative diseases identified
Common links between neurodegenerative diseases identified Diseases of the central nervous system are a big burden to society . According to estimates, they cost €800 billion per year in Europe. And for most of them, there is no definitive cure.
Monica Di Luca – Parkinson’s treatment revisited to avoid adverse effects
Monica Di Luca – Parkinson’s treatment revisited to avoid adverse effects According to estimates, more than 1.2 million people in Europe are affected by Parkinson’s disease. Health costs for the disease amount to €11 billion euros per year.
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