Smart devices, Medicine, Health
Designing ultra-sensitive biosensors for early personalised diagnostics
Personalised medicine is one of the new developments that is deemed to revolutionise health care. A key component is the detection of biomarkers, proteins in blood or saliva, for example, whose presence or abnormal concentration is caused by a disease.
Pietro Gucciardi – Working towards a single-molecule biosensor
Until now, few biosensors have had the required sensitivity to detect single molecules. A novel approach for improved biosensor sensitivity has opened new avenues for developing new kinds of biosensors.
New laser to watch DNA-proteins interactions
Within the framework of the European ATLAS project, a team of researchers in Naples has created a LASER-based prototype that could revolutionize medicine and our knowledge of the human genome .
Peering down protein-DNA interactions to better understand how genes work
Almost every one of our cells has an entire copy of our genome. But only differing subsets of genes are active and expressed in any given cell. Epigenetics is the study of how the activity of our genes is controlled and regulated .
Lucia Altucci – Cancer research could benefit from ultra-fast lasers technology
Cancer research could soon benefit from a new technology allowing investigation of how the DNA interacts with the proteins. Recent advances in tackling the disease stem from a change in our view of the genome —all the genes contained in our DNA.
European hospitals compare notes on pain management to improve care
Millions of people undergo surgery each year. Many of them suffer from moderate to severe pain afterwards. This post-operative pain may impede recovery or even lead on into chronic pain .
Winfried Meissner – When big data helps cope with post-operative pain
Modern information technologies allow medical researchers to draw on a huge pool of patient data. These are routinely assessed in hospital settings or through health care systems.
Unraveling The Human Brain
One of the biggest challenges today is to understand the human brain and we never have been closer to realize it. More than 130 institutes are taking part in one of Europe´s largest research projects , funded with 1.
Brain model pins down motor decisions
Talking or reading. Texting a message or listening. The dilemma of choosing between various tasks is not an invention of the modern information age. Humans and all vertebrates have to prioritise their actions.
Sten Grillner – Motor behaviour and its neurobiological control
Understanding the neurobiology of decision-making is a scientific challenge. The EU-funded project Select-and-Act , completed in 2012, used experimental and modelling approaches to better understand how the brain selects different patterns of motor behaviour.
Towards effective spatial mosquito repellent
Global warming is leading to an increase in mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria . It is considered the plague of developing countries. According to the World Health Organisation , it is responsible for one child death every minute.
Professor Kostas Iatrou – Combatting malaria using natural mosquito repellents
A major challenge in combatting malaria is to develop effective yet sustainable mosquito repellents. Now, the ENAROMaTIC project, a European effort to reduce the spread of malaria completed in 2012, may have done just that.
Real-time insight into our brain
New advances related to new uses of imaging technologies could help scientists uncover the brain’s mysteries.
Risto Ilmoniemi – Picture this: a better image of our brain
Brain researchers have recently associated a technique called magnetoencephalography, or MEG, with magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI, technology.
New Scanning Technology Reveals Detailed Brain Activity
The combination of two brain scanning technologies, which were considered incompatible until recently, could revolutionize brain research and diagnostics.
New Blood Test for Schizophrenia
This test evaluates the presence of certain proteins in blood samples of patients. Sabine Bahn from the University of Cambridge says that the new test is able to diagnose schizophrenia with a certainty of 83% and depression with a certainty of about 90% .
Sabine Bahn: biomarkers to diagnose severe psychotic disorders
Sabine Bahn is a neurobiologist, psychiatrist and director of the Cambridge Centre for Neuropsychiatric Research at the University of Cambridge, UK.
Schizophrenia enters the molecular diagnostics era
With a drop of blood and some laboratory analyses, doctors have been able to tell patients whether they suffer from diabetes or some sort of cancer.
The Portable Lab
Konstantin has suffered permanent disabilities due to the lack of a proper analysis of his blood when he was treated in hospital ten years ago. A new device that revolutionizes lab analysis could soon prevent similar tragedies .
Speed is everything when fighting sepsis
Sepsis, commonly known as blood poisoning, is a bacterial infection of the blood. It is dangerous for adults. And it is often mortal for young children, if left untreated.
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