Germany
Network of experts join forces to fight rare disease
Network of experts join forces to fight rare disease Collaboration between research groups is key in tackling rare diseases such as auto-immune disease Myasthenia Gravis (MG). Indeed, the rarity of the disease means that it can be difficult to collect enough samples of blood and tissues to perform quality research.
Polar zone ozone and UV exposure, under closer scrutiny than ever
Polar zone ozone and UV exposure, under closer scrutiny than ever Global changes, such as climate warming and stratospheric ozone depletion, are increasingly noticeable. Therefore, there is a need for scientists to have reliable information about atmospheric and stratospheric processes .
The road to sustainable tuna aquaculture
The road to sustainable tuna aquaculture Atlantic Bluefin Tuna is a much sought after delicacy. Due to huge fishing pressure, tuna stocks have decreased dramatically . There are now signs of recovery, according to the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas .
Forecasting pollen in the atmosphere
Forecasting pollen in the atmosphere Runny nose, watery eyes and cough; these are the symptoms associated with respiratory allergies. About 20% to 30% of Europeans suffer from some type of respiratory allergy , according to the European Federation of Allergy and Airway Diseases Patients Associations .
Martin Plenio – Towards quantum technologies
Martin Plenio – Towards quantum technologies Quantum mechanics is about to fundamentally change the way we can transmit and sense information. The idea is that information—represented by physical quantities such as the spin or the polarisation of an individual photon—can be transmitted with the help of so-called quantum entanglement.
Secrets of youth, based on prevention
Secrets of youth, based on prevention We age in two ways. There is the ageing we count by clock and calendar. And then there is biological ageing. The latter is written into our genes. But, it is also influenced by our lifestyle and history.
Airbags for ships save lives, environment and cargo
Airbags for ships save lives, environment and cargo When a ship runs aground, or two vessels crash into each other, the damaged one may lose its stability, or worse, sink. But imagine if after a ship accident, balloons popped up like car airbags to keep the disabled vessel upright and afloat .
Human Bones from the Lab
Human Bones from the Lab Scientists in Würzburg, in Germany, have created living bone material from human stem cells in their laboratory. The discipline is called tissue engineering and the aim of the scientists is to produce the perfect substitute for bone transplantation.
Healing bone defects using regenerative medicine
Healing bone defects using regenerative medicine Bone is one of the most frequently transplanted tissues. And the demand is rising. Transplants treat large defects like those caused by trauma, complicated fractures, tumour resection or osteoporosis. ...
Heike Walles – A diverse toolbox for regenerating bones
Heike Walles – A diverse toolbox for regenerating bones Bone grafts are among the most sought after tissue transplants in clinical practice. And this demand is expected to rise due to an ageing population.
Why Cells Turn Cancerous
Why Cells Turn Cancerous Cancer: about one in three Europeans is confronted with this diagnosis during their lifetime. Scientists at the German Cancer Research Center DKFZ in Heidelberg are investigating the development of cancerous cells to find out how their growth is controlled and what goes wrong in cancer cells.
Towards new cancer therapies
Towards new cancer therapies In 2012, about 8.2 million people died of cancer making the disease a major cause of death worldwide. According to the WHO World Cancer Report 2014 , this figure is expected to rise within the next two decades.
Michael Boutros: Advancing the search for new cancer drugs
Michael Boutros: Advancing the search for new cancer drugs Targeted therapies have revolutionised the treatment of cancer since they were first introduced. Amongst the first medications approved in Europe, was the breast cancer drug Herceptin , which was approved in 2000.
Proteins: The Key for all Diseases?
Proteins: The Key for all Diseases? The impact if this challenge could be huge, as this set of data could l ead to new therapies and diagnosing tools for virtually all diseases , including diabetes or cancer.  Proteins are everywhere.
Mapping proteins in space and time within cells
Mapping proteins in space and time within cells The human genome and those of several other organisms have been mapped. But it is proteins that perform the majority of biological functions within every organism .
User-led sustainable buildings
User-led sustainable buildings Those who live in low-energy buildings are not experts. But energy professionals have been aware of the importance of meeting their needs, right from conception stage.
Johannes Kaiser - Estimating the impact of fires on the atmosphere
Johannes Kaiser - Estimating the impact of fires on the atmosphere Wherever fires occur, they strongly affect the air we breathe. They even affect the composition of the atmosphere on a global scale.
The art of enrolling preterm babies in clinical trials
The art of enrolling preterm babies in clinical trials Around the world more and more babies are born preterm, according to a WHO report from 2012. Despite medical advances, very small preterm infants may suffer from various complications and diseases, or even die .
Christian Poets - Treating lung disease in infants
Christian Poets - Treating lung disease in infants The intensive care of neonates has advanced considerably in the last decades. But very early preterm infants are still at risk of dying. Artificial ventilation or additional oxygen is often needed to support the lungs of the premature babies.
European hospitals compare notes on pain management to improve care
European hospitals compare notes on pain management to improve care Millions of people undergo surgery each year. Many of them suffer from moderate to severe pain afterwards. This post-operative pain may impede recovery or even lead on into chronic pain .
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